This document presents the results of an analysis of the articulations and actions of radicalized groups in alternative social media platforms. The growing migration of users into this sociotechnical networks may be related to the more incisive measures being taken by big techs such as Facebook and Twitter to contain hate speech and attacks against democratic institutions. To understand this process, we will analyze the presence of far-right groups on Parler, a platform with minimal rules regarding banning or removing messages and profiles. From a global database of 93.4 million publications made between November 3, 2020 and January 7, 2021, we seek to: i) identify the major topics, influencers and groups interacting in that period; ii) conduct a specific analysis of the participation of the Brazilian group in the platform; and iii) map out the interactions between far-right groups in Brazil and in the United States. The results showed the formation of a transnational network engaged in the reproduction of discourses aiming to corrode the credibility of democratic institutions.
- The network presents a peak in messages during the counting of votes of the presidential American elections, and in the period of the invasion on the Capitol;
- Interactions from the conservative Brazilian group react to publications from American far-right wing influencers who spread accusations of fraud in the elections of the United States;
53.6% of profiles connected to the group regarding Brazil interacted with content about electoral fraud in this period, mirroring American arguments to the Brazilian context;
- The sharing of an ideology of denial and conspiracy must be taken as a wake-up call in order for the actions of discredit of democracy or of institutional attacks will not be mimicked in a global scale;
- Data alerts to a possible ideological interference from right-wing extremist groups from authoritarian countries or others in the race of 2022, placing Brazil as a player in the geopolitical game of antidemocratic radicals.
In an unprecedented monitoring, the Department of Public Policy Analysis of Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV DAPP) collected 93.4 million posts from the platform Parler, between November 3rd and January 7th, 2021. The period comprises both the day of the presidential elections of the United States as well as the day after the invasion on the Capitol by Donald Trump supporters.
Parler is a platform of social media in a microblog format, meaning it is organized by short publications with up to a thousand characters each. In the platform, the users can follow publications from selected profiles that are organized in a timeline through a chronological criteria. The functionalities of Parler are similar to Twitter, with a possibility of voting, commenting and echoing publications. The network, however, is presented as an alternative to Twitter, reinforcing the defense of freedom of speech and adopting minimum criteria to the banning and message deleting (pornography, terrorism, etc.)
The network was already being used by the American far-right wing at least since 2019. Twitter’s decision to delete publications from President Donald Trump, for infringing the community rules, accelerated the transition from the group of more radical followers of the President to Parler. In Brazil, since July 2020, there were also campaigns for the the right wing to join the network, with members of the government and conservative influencers, among others, creating accounts. These campaigns were intensified with the presidential elections in the United States.